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Nantong Rongxin Electrical Control Technology Co., Ltd.

Company Profile

We are the former Rugao Shuguang Tungsten Molybdenum Material Co., Ltd. founded in 1984.There are currently over 120 employees, covering an area of 10 acres. After restructuring, Shuguang has rapidly become a major domestic tungsten and molybdenum production and processing enterprise in recent years, relying on years of production technology and skilled employees from the old factory. Rongxin Electrical Control Technology Co., Ltd. is professional China Tungsten Rod Manufacturers and Custom Tungsten Rod Factory. And the company is mainly engaged in the R & D of electrical control technology, the production of electrical switch contacts, automobile horn contacts, automobile electrical contacts, and the sales of tungsten molybdenum materials and tungsten molybdenum products.


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Apr 19, 2024 By admin
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Industry Knowledge

Tungsten is a remarkable element known for its exceptional properties, and tungsten rods are one of its most sought-after forms. These slender cylindrical structures, typically composed of high-purity tungsten, serve a multitude of industrial and scientific purposes.

The Chemistry and Characteristics of Tungsten Rods

Tungsten's Atomic Structure
Tungsten's unique properties stem from its atomic structure. It has a dense nucleus surrounded by a cloud of electrons. The electron configuration of tungsten is [Xe] 4f^14 5d^4 6s^2, which means it has a complex electron shell with multiple energy levels. This configuration gives rise to tungsten's high melting point and other exceptional characteristics.
High Melting Point and Heat Resistance
Tungsten's extraordinarily high melting point is a result of its tightly bound electrons and strong metallic bonds. When heated, the energy required to break these bonds and transition from a solid to a liquid state is exceptionally high. As a result, tungsten rods can withstand temperatures far beyond those that would cause most other materials to melt or degrade.
Density and Mechanical Strength
Tungsten is renowned for its high density, which is second only to that of osmium, another rare and dense metal. This density contributes to the overall strength and robustness of tungsten rods. Tungsten rods are often chosen for their superior mechanical properties, including tensile strength, hardness, and resistance to deformation. These properties make them ideal for applications where strength and durability are paramount.
Thermal Conductivity
While tungsten's primary use often centers around its heat resistance, it also possesses remarkable thermal conductivity. This means that it can efficiently transfer heat, making it suitable for applications such as high-temperature electrical components, heat sinks, and furnace elements. The combination of heat resistance and thermal conductivity makes tungsten an excellent choice for situations where both extreme heat and efficient heat transfer are required.
Electrical Conductivity
Tungsten rods have good electrical conductivity, making them suitable for use in electrical and electronic applications. While they are not as conductive as materials like copper or aluminum, tungsten's electrical conductivity is more than sufficient for many electrical contacts, switches, and other components. The fact that tungsten can maintain its electrical conductivity even at high temperatures makes it an attractive choice for applications in which both heat and electrical properties are crucial.
Chemical Inertness and Corrosion Resistance
Tungsten is highly inert chemically, meaning it does not readily react with other elements or compounds at normal temperatures. This chemical stability, coupled with its resistance to corrosion, makes tungsten rods exceptionally durable in various environments. They are often chosen for applications where exposure to corrosive substances or extreme conditions could compromise the integrity of other materials.
Radiopacity and Medical Applications
Tungsten's radiopacity, or its ability to block X-rays and gamma rays, is another notable characteristic. This property makes tungsten rods invaluable in medical applications, such as radiation therapy and the manufacture of radiopaque markers and implants. In these applications, tungsten ensures accurate and effective treatment while minimizing radiation exposure to healthy tissues.

Manufacturing Processes and Types of Tungsten Rods

Production Methods for Tungsten Rods
Powder Metallurgy: Powder metallurgy is a widely used method for manufacturing tungsten rods. It involves the following steps:
Tungsten powder preparation: High-purity tungsten powder is typically produced through a reduction process from tungsten oxide or tungsten hexachloride.
Powder blending: The tungsten powder is mixed with binders and other additives to create a homogenous mixture.
Compaction: The mixed powder is pressed into a specific shape using hydraulic presses, resulting in a green compact.
Sintering: The green compact is heated to high temperatures in a controlled atmosphere, causing the tungsten particles to fuse together. This process creates a solid and dense tungsten rod.
Swaging: Swaging is a mechanical process that involves the repeated forging of a tungsten billet to reduce its diameter while increasing its length. This process increases the density and mechanical strength of the rod. Swaged tungsten rods are known for their high purity and exceptional mechanical properties.
Extrusion: Extrusion is used to produce tungsten rods with specific cross-sectional shapes. In this process:
Tungsten powder is mixed with binders to form a paste-like mixture.
The paste is forced through a die to shape the tungsten material into a rod with the desired cross-section.
The extruded rod is then sintered at high temperatures to remove binders and consolidate the tungsten.
Hydrogen Reduction: High-purity tungsten rods can be produced through a hydrogen reduction process:
Tungsten oxide (WO3) is reduced with hydrogen gas (H2) to obtain tungsten powder.
The obtained tungsten powder can be processed into rods using various methods, including powder metallurgy.
Types of Tungsten Rods(Expanded)
Pure Tungsten Rods: Pure tungsten rods are made from high-purity tungsten and are known for their exceptional heat resistance and mechanical strength. These rods are often used in applications requiring high-temperature resistance, such as heating elements in high-temperature furnaces and electrical contacts in welding equipment.
Tungsten Alloy Rods: Tungsten can be alloyed with other metals to create tungsten alloy rods. Common alloying elements include nickel, copper, and iron. These alloys are designed to enhance specific properties such as density, tensile strength, and machinability. Tungsten alloy rods find applications in aerospace components, radiation shielding, and high-performance counterweights.
Thoriated Tungsten Rods: Thoriated tungsten rods are doped with thorium, a radioactive element. The addition of thorium enhances the electron emission properties of tungsten, making it suitable for welding applications where a stable and focused arc is required. However, due to safety concerns related to thorium's radioactivity, alternative non-radioactive tungsten alloys are gaining popularity in the welding industry.
Lanthanated Tungsten Rods: Lanthanum-doped tungsten rods are an alternative to thoriated tungsten for welding applications. They offer stable and reliable arc performance without the safety concerns associated with thorium. Lanthanated tungsten rods are widely used in both TIG (tungsten inert gas) and GTAW (gas tungsten arc welding) processes.
Ceriated Tungsten Rods: Ceriated tungsten rods are another non-radioactive alternative for welding. They contain cerium as a dopant, which improves arc starting and stability in both AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) welding applications. Ceriated tungsten rods are often chosen for welding non-ferrous metals such as aluminum and magnesium.
Zirconiated Tungsten Rods: Zirconiated tungsten rods are used primarily in AC welding applications. They contain zirconium as a dopant and are known for their excellent arc stability and resistance to contamination. These rods are commonly used for welding aluminum and magnesium alloys.
Composite Tungsten Rods: Composite tungsten rods incorporate tungsten with other materials, such as copper or molybdenum, to achieve specific properties. For example, copper-tungsten composites are used in electrical and electronic applications due to their excellent combination of electrical conductivity and high-temperature resistance.
High-Density Tungsten Rods: These tungsten rods are specifically engineered to have even higher densities than standard pure tungsten rods. They find applications in situations where extreme density is required, such as in radiation shielding and high-performance aerospace components.