Tungsten Discharge Needle Custom

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Nantong Rongxin Electrical Control Technology Co., Ltd.

Company Profile

We are the former Rugao Shuguang Tungsten Molybdenum Material Co., Ltd. founded in 1984.There are currently over 120 employees, covering an area of 10 acres. After restructuring, Shuguang has rapidly become a major domestic tungsten and molybdenum production and processing enterprise in recent years, relying on years of production technology and skilled employees from the old factory. Rongxin Electrical Control Technology Co., Ltd. is professional China Tungsten Needle Manufacturers and Custom Discharge Needle Factory. And the company is mainly engaged in the R & D of electrical control technology, the production of electrical switch contacts, automobile horn contacts, automobile electrical contacts, and the sales of tungsten molybdenum materials and tungsten molybdenum products.


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Industry Knowledge

The Composition and Properties of Tungsten Discharge Needles

Tungsten discharge needles are primarily composed of pure tungsten (W) due to its exceptional properties that make it an ideal choice for this application. 
High Melting Point: Tungsten possesses the highest melting point of any naturally occurring element, standing at a staggering 3,422 degrees Celsius (6,192 degrees Fahrenheit). This remarkable thermal stability is a critical factor in the suitability of tungsten for discharge needles. In electron emission processes, the needle can reach extremely high temperatures due to the intense electric fields involved. Tungsten's resistance to melting or deforming ensures that it can endure these extreme conditions without deterioration.
Exceptional Electrical Conductivity: Tungsten is an excellent conductor of electricity, second only to silver and copper in terms of electrical conductivity among metallic elements. This property is vital for tungsten discharge needles because efficient electron emission relies on the ability of the material to conduct electric current effectively. The high electrical conductivity of tungsten facilitates the flow of electrons within the needle, contributing to efficient electron emission.
Mechanical Strength: Tungsten is renowned for its exceptional mechanical strength and durability. Its high tensile strength and hardness make it resistant to deformation, even when subjected to substantial mechanical stress. This property is invaluable in ensuring the longevity and reliability of discharge needles, which often operate under demanding conditions.
Corrosion Resistance: Tungsten exhibits remarkable corrosion resistance, making it highly resistant to chemical reactions with most substances, including acids and bases. This property is particularly important in applications where discharge needles are exposed to various environmental factors. The resistance to corrosion ensures that the needle's surface remains intact and maintains its electron-emitting capability over an extended period.
Sharpness and Pointed Structure: The geometry of tungsten discharge needles is carefully engineered to feature a sharp and pointed tip. This sharpness is pivotal for the efficiency of electron emission. As the electric field at the needle's tip intensifies, electrons are more likely to overcome the energy barrier and escape into the surrounding space. The pointed structure enables precise focusing of electron beams, contributing to high-resolution imaging in electron microscopy applications.
Thermal Stability: Tungsten discharge needles are known for their exceptional thermal stability. They can withstand the high temperatures generated during electron emission processes without significant degradation. This property ensures that the needle maintains its electron-emitting capability and structural integrity even when subjected to extreme heat.
Resistance to Thermal Expansion: Tungsten exhibits low thermal expansion, meaning it retains its dimensional stability over a wide temperature range. This property is crucial in applications where precise positioning and stability of the discharge needle are essential, such as in electron microscopy.

The Applications of Tungsten Discharge Needles

Tungsten discharge needles play a pivotal role in a wide range of scientific and industrial disciplines due to their ability to emit electrons efficiently.
Electron Microscopy
In the realm of electron microscopy, tungsten discharge needles serve as electron sources for both scanning electron microscopes (SEM) and transmission electron microscopes (TEM). These microscopes are fundamental tools for visualizing and analyzing materials at the nanoscale.
Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM): SEMs utilize electrons emitted from tungsten discharge needles to create high-resolution images of the surface morphology of various materials. The sharp tips of tungsten needles enable precise focusing of electron beams, allowing researchers to capture detailed images of the sample's topography. SEMs are widely used in materials science, biology, geology, and nanotechnology for characterizing surfaces and structures.
Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM): In TEMs, tungsten discharge needles are essential for producing images of the internal structure of specimens at nanoscale resolution. These microscopes rely on the transmission of electrons through the sample, and tungsten needles play a crucial role in generating the electron beam. TEMs are invaluable for studying the ultrastructure of biological samples, characterizing nanomaterials, and investigating crystallographic defects in materials.
Mass Spectrometry
Tungsten needles find critical applications in mass spectrometry, an analytical technique used to identify and quantify chemical compounds based on their mass-to-charge ratios. Here's how they contribute to this field:
Ionization Sources: Tungsten needles are employed as ionization sources in mass spectrometers, facilitating the generation of ions from analyte molecules. When a high voltage is applied to the needle, it emits electrons, which ionize the surrounding gas. These ions then interact with the sample, leading to the formation of ions from the analyte molecules. The resulting ions are subsequently separated and detected, providing valuable information about the composition and structure of the sample.
High-Temperature Tolerance: Tungsten's high melting point and thermal stability are critical in mass spectrometry applications, where ionization processes can generate intense heat. Tungsten discharge needles can withstand these elevated temperatures, ensuring the reliable and consistent performance of mass spectrometers.
Particle Accelerators
Particle accelerators are essential tools in nuclear physics, particle research, and other scientific investigations. Tungsten discharge needles contribute to their functionality in the following ways:
Electron Beam Generation: Tungsten needles are used within particle accelerators to generate high-energy electron beams. These beams are essential for a variety of experiments, including the study of fundamental particles and nuclear reactions. The sharp tips and high electron-emitting efficiency of tungsten needles make them ideal for this purpose. Additionally, their robustness and resistance to thermal stress ensure the stability and precision of these experiments.
Lighting Industry
Tungsten needles have made their mark in the lighting industry, particularly in discharge lamps. Some key applications include:
Fluorescent Lamps: Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and other fluorescent lighting technologies use tungsten discharge needles to initiate and maintain the electrical discharge within the lamp. This discharge results in the excitation of phosphors, which in turn emit visible light. Tungsten discharge needles are integral to the reliable operation of fluorescent lamps.
High-Intensity Discharge Lamps (HID): HID lamps, including metal halide lamps and high-pressure sodium lamps, rely on tungsten discharge needles for their ignition and operation. These lamps are widely used for outdoor and industrial lighting due to their high efficiency and long lifespan. Tungsten needles ensure consistent and reliable lighting in these applications.